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Citing and avoiding plagiarism

Citing and referencing demonstrates breadth of research and helps avoid plagiarism. To understand more about plagiarism and how and why to avoid it, see the University of Edinburgh's Institute for Academic Development's guide:

Referencing and avoiding plagiarism

Cite Them Right Online

Cite Them Right Online explains and demonstrates how to cite, both in-text and in a reference list or bibliography, a wide range of material types: books, journal articles, lecture notes, law reports, web pages, computer games, live performances...

Harvard (author-date) is shown throughout but many material types are demonstrated in other citation styles too: APA, Chicago, MHRA, MLA, OSCOLA, Vancouver.

General information on referencing and plagiarism is also presented.

Choosing a reference management software tool

If you just want to create formatted references and don't need to save them ZoteroBib ( is a free service that helps you build a bibliography instantly from any computer or device, without creating an account or installing any software.

If you want to do more, reference management software lets you store, annotate and group references and also automatically creates citations and reference lists in your documents.

There are a number of different reference management software tools available. For help in deciding which is right for you, please see our software comparison table from the link below. 

Reference Management tools - a few option and comparisons

For more information there is a self-enrol Learn course where you can learn about four of the most popular options : Endnote,  Mendeley, Zotero and Citavi.  

Choosing a Reference Manager - Learn course 





EndNote is supported by the University and available as desktop run software and as a web application. The desktop version has the full range of features and functions. EndNote online works from a web browser. Both versions provide automatic citing in Microsoft Word.

The desktop version is installed on the open access lab computers where the "Cite While You Write" plug-in, for use with a desktop library or an online group, is already available on Microsoft Word.

EndNote (Online)

Register via & use VPN if off-campus.

EndNote (Desktop)

EndNote  can be downloaded onto most University machines for free. See Software Services' EndNote for Schools for full information. 

Endnote for personal/home devices.

Staff and students can request an Endnote download to install the software on personal/home devices via Software Services.   


How to use Endnote in 6 minutes


More information provided by Clarivate Analytics -  Endnote Guide

Endnote Training

There is support and help available from staff on using EndNote, desktop and online.

The Digital Skills and Training programme includes workshops and webinars on EndNote for which anyone can sign up and for which the workbooks are available for people to go through themselves in their own time.

Digital Skills and Training website

Links to IS Digital Skills' workbooks:

Endnote (Desktop) 
Endnote Online

EndNote online exercises for Chemists

Mendeley and Zotero Training

Endnote is fully supported by the University however training and workshops are also offered for Zotero and Mendeley.


Digital Skills: Choosing a Reference Manager - Learn course

Endnote, Mendeley, Zotero workshops are delivered online via the Institute of Academic Development